What Refrigerant Is in My Cooling System? - Heating Specialties

What Refrigerant Is in My Cooling System?

R22 refrigerant for ac unit

This month, you’re probably still trying to get “back-to-cool” during the end of this hot South Jersey summer. If you have an older air conditioner or heat pump in your home, you’ll want to study up on the type of refrigerant it uses.

Some refrigerants, like R22, are not in production anymore, so that could mean a costly replacement if your older system breaks down. HVAC 101 is in session, so let Heating Specialties teach you all about refrigerants!

What is R22 refrigerant?

Refrigerant is a substance, found in either fluid or gas state, that absorbs heat and helps your air conditioner or heat pump cool the air in your home. R22 refrigerant, also known as freon, was the standard substance that HVAC systems used before 2010.

What is the Clean Air Act?

In 2010, an amendment to the Clean Air Act was passed, and the Environmental Protection Agency implemented a ban on substances like R22/freon as a result of the damage that they do to our ozone layer. In order to start phasing it out, HVAC units made after 2010 could no longer use the substance.

If your unit is newer than 2010, you don’t need to worry about whether it contains R22 refrigerant. If it is older than 2010, look at the sticker on the side of your unit to see if it says “HCFC-22” or “R-22.” The new standard refrigerant is R410A, which is chlorine-free and much better for indoor air quality and the environment.

How did things change in 2020?

As of January 1, 2020, production and import of R22 refrigerant was officially made illegal in the United States. You can still use your HVAC system containing R22, but it is now no longer possible to repair a freon/R22 leak or any other issues necessitating this substance. Even before 2020, you may have noticed the price of R22 refrigerant rising when the supply became scarcer as part of its phase-out plan.

How can I remedy this?

If your system still uses R22, you may want to prepare to replace it sooner than later. Choosing  and scheduling the replacement on your own timeline will be a much easier transition than a breakdown and emergency visit. The professionals at Heating Specialties would be happy to discuss your A/C needs today so we can facilitate the smoothest and most convenient process for you and your family.

If you live in the Bridgeton area and have questions about your A/C refrigerant or are ready to replace your HVAC system with a new, high-efficiency model, contact your Heating Specialties experts at (866) 923-2653. And if you’re in need of emergency repair, we’ll work hard to have you “back-to-cool” in no time.

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